Freelance / employed
Who is the copyright rightholder, if a work was created by someone who is employed?
In principle, the employer. But employees and employers can make other agreements about this, for example, in the employment contract or in a collective labour agreement.
What happens to the copyright if an employee creates a work in the employer’s time?
The question of whether the work was created in the employer’s time is not significant. The issue is whether the employee created his work within the context of his employment. If that’s the case, then, in principle, the copyright belongs to the employer. If the employee creates it for himself, then he is the rightful owner.
A freelance author carries out commissioned work. Who owns the copyright? Him, or his client?
If the author was not working as an employee, the copyright to the created work belongs to him in the first place. If the client wants to obtain possession of the copyright, he must settle this in writing with the author. It is important that they both carefully read the agreement before signing.
Is someone considered to be the author of the music he creates as an employee?
No, in principle, the copyright to music that is created by an employee belong to the employer. But employees and employers can make other agreements about this, for example, in the employment contract or in a collective labour agreement.
Who is the creator if a work is produced as a team?
If a number of authors create a musical work, such as an opera or a musical, working on an equal basis as a team, they have a joint copyright on the whole. If the individual contributions can be easily distinguished, such as text and melody, every creator holds the copyright to his own part.